Changes in body fluid volume and its composition during heavy sweating and the effect of fluid and electrolyte replacement

We investigated what changes occur in the degree of involuntary dehydration and body fluid composition after ad libitum consumption of an ion supply drink or consumption of water.


Sports medicine and biochemistry related to two sports drinks

The differences in the rate of intestinal fluid absorption between an ion supply drink and water were compared using rats.


The effect of ingestion an electrolyte-sugar drink on recovery of dehydration

We investigated whether the consumption of an ion supply drink is effective for enhancing the recovery of the plasma volume following exercise-induced dehydration.


Changes in blood volume consequent to administration of oral rehydration solutions

We investigated what changes occur in the blood volume after the injection of solutions with different compositions of sodium and glucose by continuously measuring the blood volume in rats.


Effects of hydration on fluid balance and lower-extremity blood viscosity during long airplane flights

We investigated whether the consumption of an ion supply drink could prevent the decline in plasma volume and the increase in blood viscosity during an actual long distance international flight


Plasma volume and blood viscosity during 4-hour sitting in a dry environment: Effect of prehydration

We investigated whether prehydration with an ion supply drink could prevent the decline in plasma volume and the increase in blood viscosity that occurs during prolonged sitting in a dry environment.


Rehydration after bathing: Comparison between a carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage and water

We investigated whether the consumption of an ion supply drink could facilitate the recovery of the plasma volume and blood viscosity following bathing-induced dehydration.


Effects of a carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage on blood viscosity after dehydration in healthy adults

We investigated whether an ion supply drink could attenuate the increase in blood viscosity following exercise-induced dehydration. The effectiveness of water and tea, which is typically consumed in China, was included for comparison purposes.


Effect of prehydration on nasal mucociliary clearance in low relative humidity

We investigated the preventive effect of prehydration with an ion supply drink on the nasal mucociliary clearance under low relative humidity conditions.


Enhanced renal Na+ reabsorption by carbohydrate in beverages during restitution from thermal and exercise-induced dehydration in men

We investigated whether the carbohydrates in an ion supply drink contribute to the body fluid retention during recovery from exercise-induced dehydration.

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